It majorly consist of all the devices and machinery that is used to move goods throughout the factory and from the factory to the final consumer. Having this equipments in the industry is beneficial as they may increases productivity as well as the profit margin. You find that these equipments are fast and efficient. Material handling equipments are divided into five types depending on the role they play in the production process.
Transportation material handling equipment is the first category. You find that this equipment is always used to move materials from one location to the next within the company. Like you can talk of moving the materials from the store to the loading area. You can facilitate the movement of materials from one location to another using both the internal and external machinery. The internal machinery involves the movement from the assembly to packing area. You can simple talk of the movement between the production areas. Examples of these machines are conveyor belt, forklift truck and others. We also have external machinery which consist of shipping containers or large commercial trucks which are used in moving goods to retail outlets.
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In addition to that we also have position material handling equipment. This machine is majorly used in reposition of products and materials. They will arrange the materials to fit in the assembly area equipments. They can either be in form of robots or feeders. Some of these equipments include the hoists or lifts which are primarily used to store materials on warehouse.
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Storage and retrieval material handling equipment is also another type of material handling equipment. The shelves and racks that are used to put goods after the production process are found in this category of material handling equipment. Here we have the shelving systems, cabinets and bins for smaller goods. Liquid substances are stored in special drums and silos that are set for them. You should note that products that are stored on the floor or directly on pellets do not fall under storage handling equipment.
Load formation and handling material equipment is another type. Primarily this equipments are used in packing goods making them ready for shipment using packing machinery.. For example, skids and pellets, crates and boxes and bulk handling containers. In addition, we have shirks that are used in wrapping plastic tightly around the pallet of goods. Bulk handling containers are used for storing liquids.
Another category is known as identification control material handling equipment. You find that this category consist of systems that are used to track the goods as they move through manufacturing and distribution process. In this category is where we have the bar codes or tags, portable magnetic strip and inventory control software programs.